The original trio, comprised Moe Howard, Larry Fine and Shemp Howard, did one feature film (Soup to Nuts) after which Shemp left the group to pursue a solo career, and was replaced by his brother Curly Howard. This incarnation of the team was the first to be known on film as The Three Stooges. Shemp rejoined the group after Curly suffered a stroke in May 1946, reinstating the original line-up until November 1955, when Shemp died of a heart attack. Film actor Joe Palma appeared as a doubling Shemp in four Shemp-era shorts, followed by Joe Besser as a long-term replacement. Ultimately, Joe DeRita (nicknamed "Curly Joe") replaced Joe Besser by 1958.